Family Literacy Project (FLY)

Country Profile: Germany



Official Language


Total Expenditure on Education as % of GNP

4.81 (2011)

Adult Literacy Rate (15 years and over, 1995-2005)

Female: 99 %
Male: 99 %
Total: 99%


Programme Overview

Programme TitleFamily Literacy Project (FLY)
Implementing OrganizationState Institute for Teacher Training and School Development (Landesinstitut für Lehrerbildung und Schulentwicklung) of the Ministry of Education, Hamburg. In its initial phase, the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) supported the conceptualisation and implementation of the project.
Language of InstructionGerman
FundingDuring the pilot phase (2004–2009), the project was being equally funded by the Bund-Länder-Commission for Educational Planning and Research Promotion (BLK) and the City-State of Hamburg. Since 2009, the Hamburg Ministry for Education took over the upscaling of the programme involving 25 new schools each year.
Date of Inception2004

Background and context

Hamburg – Germany’s second largest city – has a significant proportion of resident migrants or citizens of foreign descent. As of 2006, for example, 15% (258,225) of Hamburg’s total resident population of 1,754,182 were non-Germans while 26.8% had migration backgrounds. In addition, 48% of people aged six years and under had migration backgrounds. Examples of key migrant groups include those from Turkey (23%); Poland (22.6%); Afghanistan (5.3%); Iran (3.4%); Russia (3%) and Ghana (2.1%). Hamburg’s ethnic diversity is also manifested in the world’s major religions with Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism, all having adherents in the city. The city’s ethnic and religious diversity creates challenges with regards to the provision of appropriate educational services. These challenges are compounded by the fact that many parents lack viable literacy skills to support their children’s learning. In particular many adult migrants are functionally illiterate and are therefore unable to actively and effectively participate in the educational development of their children. As a result, children from migrant families are more likely to underperform in school compared with other students.


In order to address the educational challenges faced by children (especially those from deprived social backgrounds and from migrant families), the UNESCO Institute of Education (UIE) and the State Institute for Teacher Training and School Development in Hamburg (Landesinstitut für Lehrerbildung und Schulentwicklung) initiated the Family Literacy Project (FLY) in 2004. The project was funded by the Bund-Länder-Commission for Educational Planning and Research Promotion (BLK) and the city of Hamburg as an integral component of the Promotion of Children and Young Adults with Migrant Backgrounds programme (FörMig: Förderung von Kindern und Jugendlichen mit Migrationshintergrund).

In 2010, the project was awarded the UNESCO King Sejong Literacy Prize.

The Family Literacy Project (FLY)

FLY is an intergenerational family literacy programme that targets parents, children at pre-school, kindergarten and early primary school, as well as children with special learning needs. Many of the targeted people are from socially disadvantaged communities. The project endeavours to develop the literacy skills (reading, writing, speaking, listening, and creativity) of parents and their children. It also seeks to promote strong linkages between the kindergarten or school and home-based learning processes by:

The project was first piloted in collaboration with seven schools and two kindergartens located in the deprived and mostly migrant-populated districts of Hamburg. However, due to increased demand from other schools, the project has since been introduced to 25 other schools. The expansion of the project was also facilitated by effective networking with other organisations such as the adult education centres which had similar or related mandates. The FLY curriculum, which is primarily produced by the facilitators on an ongoing basis, emphasises the following themes:


Aims and objectives

The project aims to:

Programme implementation

The implementation of the programme is based on the effective training of school or kindergarten teachers, who are the principal programme facilitators, as well as on the active participation and involvement of adults in their twin roles as parents and child educators. The programme provides teachers and parents with specialised training to ensure project effectiveness and sustainability. After the end of the pilot project in 2009, the city of Hamburg (Behörde für Schule und Berufsbildung) provided 25 schools per year, situated in deprived areas, with additional resources to run family literacy as well as teacher training.


Teacher training

The programme requires two facilitators per school. The State Institute for Teacher Training and School Development in Hamburg provides monthly training sessions to school and kindergarten teachers, most of whom are language development educators. As the primary implementers of an intergenerational programme, teachers receive training in a wide range of subjects or themes relevant to children and adults, as well as in family literacy teaching methodologies. Furthermore, the training also emphasises cultural awareness or sensitivity in order to empower teachers to appropriately cater for and address the needs of children and adults from diverse ethnic and religious backgrounds. The State Institute also creates opportunities for teachers from various schools to share experiences and in doing so, improve their teaching skills.


Community involvement: Parental training and participation

The project is built on the basic principle that the family constitutes the fundamental springboard for children’s sustainable learning and education. Within the framework of FLY, parents are treated as equal partners and are therefore encouraged to play an active role in the planning and implementation of programme activities. This occurs at three different levels:



Teaching–learning methods

The teaching concept adapts to the circumstances of the school and programme participants. In general, action-oriented and process-oriented participatory teaching–learning methods are emphasised. During joint parent-child classes, participants are actively encouraged to work together in the learning process as well as in the production of learning materials. For example, parents write, read and discuss personal family stories with their children while children participate in singing and dance sessions.

Teaching and learning materials

In order to promote sustainable literacy development within a multilingual context, the FLY programme employs a variety of action-oriented, simple and contextually relevant teaching and learning materials. These materials are mostly produced by the participants with support from the facilitators and are made available for both home- and school-based learning. The key teaching and learning materials include:


Monitoring and evaluation

The FLY project has been evaluated by the State Institute for Teacher Training and School Development. The evaluation process sought to determine programme benefits using quantitative and qualitative methods, which included:

In addition, children were systematically assessed or tested on non-verbal intelligence and language competence at the beginning and end of the course in order to determine their learning progress and/or needs. This also involved testing in pre-schools and grades 1 and 2 (in language, reading and writing), as well as teachers’ assessments of children’s educational development. In addition, parents were interviewed before and after the course in order to get their independent assessment of their children’s literacy skills development.



Perhaps the main challenge that has emerged to date, relates to the inexperience of primary school and kindergarten teachers in the field of family literacy and adult education. Furthermore, most of the teachers had little experience with working with parents from different socio-cultural backgrounds. Hence, intensive training of teachers in family literacy, adult and intercultural education was required during the initial stages of the project to ameliorate these challenges.

Other challenges emerged from the inconsistent participation of parents in the programme due to pressing family commitments. Also, it was difficult to reach the parents most in need because they were often the most socially isolated. Thus, in order to promote consistent parental participation, a lot of resources and creativity were needed.

Lessons learned


Due to the success of the project since its inception, parents in cooperation with schools, have undertaken extensive and concerted advocacy activities in an effort to secure institutional funding beyond the initial funding period (2004–2009). However, perhaps the most important indicator of the project’s sustainability is manifested by the strengthened cooperation between parents and schools as well as the resultant active involvement of parents in school activities and in the education of their children. It is thus hoped that since the programme is not very expensive to implement, strong parental commitment will ensure its long-term existence.


Equally important, the incorporation of the FLY project into the city’s integration programmes for migrants, indicates the potential of key partners to remain committed to the implementation of the project as an effective method to address challenges within migrant and socially disadvantaged communities. Indeed, the city of Hamburg acknowledged the FLY project as a ‘central element in the framework of possible action approaches’ for dealing with migrants (see: Hamburg Action Concept for the Integration of Immigrants, 19 February 2006). As a result, the City-State of Hamburg is upscaling the programme to include 25 more schools per year until 2013, as well as integrating the approach into the existing cooperation project ‘Kita und Schule’ (kindergarten and school).


Web links

Contact details

Dr. Gabriele Rabkin
Lecturer, Head of the Project
State Institute for Teacher Training and School Development, Hamburg
Felix-Dahn-Strasse 3, 20357 Hamburg
Phone: +49-40428842-517
Email: Gabriele.Rabkin (at)

Last update: 14 November 2011